meaning of bait is to pledge, or to be sold at the hands of
a spiritual master who can guide one to Allah.
1. Those who swear allegiance to you, swears allegiance to Allah. The hand of Allah is over their hands so whosoever breaks his oath, he breaks it to his own loss and whosoever fulfils the covenant which he made with Allah then Allah shall soon give him a great reward. (Sura Fath verse 10).
2. Surely Allah was pleased with the believers when they were swearing allegiance to you under the tree, and Allah knew what were in their hearts so he sent down on them tranquility and rewarded them with a near victory. (Sura Fath verse 18)
3. O Prophet! When believing women come to you for taking oath of allegiance at your hands, that they will not associate anything with Allah, and that they will not commit theft, and will not commit adultery and nor kill their children and nor will bring a calumny forging it between their hands and feet, and will not disobey you in anything good. Then accept their allegiance and beg Allah to forgive them. Undoubtedly Allah is forgiving, Merciful. (Sura Mumtahinah verse 12)
HADITH REGARDING BAIT
1. Hazrat Abdulla ibn Umar R.A.A reported that: I heard the messenger of Allah say that whosoever takes off his hand from allegiance will meet Allah on the day of Resurrection without having any proof for him and whoso dies while there was no allegiance on his neck dies a death of the days of Ignorance.
2. Hazrat Abu Huraira R.A.A. reported from the Messenger of Allah said that Prophets ruled over the children of Israel, whenever a Prophet died another Prophet succeeded him but there will be no Prophet after me, there will soon be Caliphs and they will number many. They asked “What then do you order us” He said “Fulfill allegiance to the first and then the first, give them their dues Verily Allah will ask them about what he entrusted them with”.
3. Ibn Umar R.A.A. reported that when we took oath of allegiance to the Messenger of Allah over hearing and obeying he used to say to us “About what you are capable” [MISHKAT AL-MASABIH - Maulana Fazlul Karim]
Chistia Order is one of the most popular and influential mystic
orders of Islam. It derives its name from CHIST, a village near
Herat in Afghanistan, where the real founder, Hazrat Khwaja Abu
Ishaq Chisti (RA) of Syria, had settled by the command of his
spiritual guide, Hazrat Khwaja Mamshad Ali Dinwari (R.A).
QUALIFICATIONS OF A MURSHID (SPIRITUAL TEACHER)
must be of the Ahle-Sunnah Wal Jamaat and hold correct Islamic beliefs.
DUTIES OF A MURSHID
1. He should not have the desire of being
Khilaafat means successorship and a person who attains successorship from a murshid is known as a Khalifa. When a murshid detects perfection and piety amongst his mureed he may grant them the khilaafat and allow them to guide others on the spiritual path. A khalifa is a representative of the murshid. Khilaafat is not something that can be bought or sold.
TYPES OF KHILAAFAT
There are basically 6 different types of Khilaafat:
CATEGORIES OF KHILAAFAT
Khilaafate Sugra (Small or General Khilaafat)
When a mureed due to his sincerity towards his murshid and by virtue of his piety and spiritual exercises is granted khilaafat by his murshid. A murshid would present him with a special garb symbolizing his khilaafat. If the murshid wishes, then he may grant this khalifa a locality or an area for him to spread Islam and propagate the silsila. A murshid can grant this type of khilaafat on as many mureeds who are pious and capable as he wishes.
Khilaafate Kubra (Major or Special Khilaafat)
This is when the murshid upon divine instructions grants this special khilaafat upon a mureed who has become perfect on the spiritual path. This khalifa will occupy the position as held by the murshid in his lifetime. He becomes the absolute representative of the murshid. This khalifa becomes the recipient of the sacred relics that were passed down from one murshid to the next. All the mureeds and the mureeds who possess the Khilaafate Sugra will become answerable to him.
With regards to Ijazat, a khalifa is not allowed to make mureeds and take BAIT from people unless he is given permission to do so by the murshid. There are two kinds of Ijazat i.e.
A) Ijazat-e-Mutleqa (Complete Permission)- With this permission, a mureed fully represents the murshid and he may take BAIT from people and hand over the shajra bearing his own name on it
B) Ijazat-e-Nayaabati (Ijazat on a Murshids Behalf)- A murshid grants a mureed permission to take BAIT on his behalf. These pledges are transferred to the murshid and they become the mureeds of the murshid. The shajra is handed to them bearing the name of the murshid.
A Gaddi Nashinis a spiritual heir or successor to the position as held by the murshid. A Gaddi Nashin is usually chosen from amongst the most deserving and pious from amongst the murshid’s sons or mureeds. This position is not hereditary and blood relationship has nothing to do with it. The person who becomes the Gaddi Nashin has complete control of all activities of the Khanqah, for example, he administers all affairs, guardianship of the endowments of a shrine, appointments and dismissals.
It is really sad that in the time we live in, people have the tendency to show disrespect to the Khulafa of the murshid considering them just as brothers of the silsila because they share a common murshid. These problems occur because of the lack of knowledge. There is definetly a world of difference between a mureed and a Khalifa. If a person acts disrespectfully to the Khalifa he should repent at once and must renew his pledge of initiation. If one does not repent, his original initiation will become null and void. When Allah made Hazrat Adam (A.S.) his Khalifa and ordered all the Angels to bow before him, all obeyed Allah’s command and bowed besides Shaitaan who rebelled. Because of this he became the cursed one and was turned away from the divine presence of Allah. Similarly if a mureed claims to be equal to the Khalifa of his murshid or speaks ill of him, then he too will be turned away from the services of his murshid. A Khalifa is the representative of the previous Mashaaikh in the chain from his murshid the up to Beloved Prophet S.A.W.
QUALITIES OF A GADDI NASHIN
A person who
sits on the seat of SAJJADA should possess twelve qualities-